General intellectual curiosity

Public lectures — here are notes I've taken from public lectures over the years.


Justice against capitalism. There is no evidence that free trade brings any benefit to the poor, or that it reduces the gap between rich and poor. In fact, it seems to harm the poor, and widen that gap. Therefore we should fight global capitalism.

World Economic Facts — a collection of graphs showing the relation between free trade, GDP growth, poverty and justice. The raw data comes mainly from the CIA World Factbook, 1999-2000.

Faces of the Carnival against Capitalism — anti-capitalism protesters in London, 1999.

The Fever by Wallace Shawn — this short story converted me to anti-capitalism.

Social justice. Each human life is so incredibly amazing that the many ongoing economic and social injustice are shameful and degrading to all of us, collectively.

Statistics of suicide-attacks on Israel -- from 1993 to 2003.

Augustine's City of God

I am currently reading The City of God Against the Pagans by Saint Augustine. This book should appeal to computer programmers: like them, Augustine is a linguistic pedant who goes into minute and explicit detail about how things fit together.

Annotations — these are notes I have made while reading the book.

Also, the New Advent organisation has made available the full text in electronic form. But it is not a very good translation.

Philosophical essays

Non-finite computation in Malament-Hogarth spacetimes. Submitted towards M.Phil. June 1997. A computer can perform an infinite number of computational steps when it falls into a naked singularity.

The paradox of the surprise examination. Hobby. July 1996. "You shall have an exam this week, but the day of this exam shall remain a surprise." I survey the literature on this paradox.

The shape of deduction in Spinoza's Ethics. Submitted towards M.Phil. March 1997. How frequently the theorems and definitions are used in Spinoza's mathematical proof for the existence of God.

An apology for modal logic. Hobby. August 1996. The modal operator "necessarily-true" is a syntactic shorthand for a probabilistic statement.

Unconscious Cartesian Demon. Hobby. January 1997. I believe that introspection is a false guide to how our minds work, since we are systematically mislead by our subconscious.